How to Assist Children with Reading Fluency: 4 Steps
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Read to your child frequently so he can learn good reading habits.

Every parent wants her child to be a good reader. Fluent readers are good readers. Not only can they pronounce words, but they also pause at punctuation, use expression when they read and can understand what they read when finished. You may think these are tasks your child can only learn in school, but you can begin teaching him now and earn the love of every one of his future teachers! You need to set aside time frequently to let your child hear how a fluent reader sounds and then help him practice until he knows the basics. Once reading independently, your child's fluency will increase every time he opens a book.


  1. 1
    Demonstrate the tracking technique to your child. Show him how to "track" print by placing your finger under the words as you read. Most adults do not use this method because they are already fluent to an extent. But tracking helps beginning readers learn sentence structure, recognize punctuation and spell simple words. Get your child to practice tracking even if he doesn't know all the words.
  2. 2
    Read with your child. Get her to repeat you line after line. The echo method helps a beginning reader learn new words, practice stopping at punctuation marks and become more confident in their reading ability. You can echo read with any kind of book or poem. Echoing is also a fun way to teach fluency although it may test your patience. You may get tired of hearing everything you read repeated, but it will help your child become a fluent reader.
  3. 3
    Conduct repeated readings with your child. Simple rhymes are effective for this exercise. Read a nursery rhyme to your child. Then get him to read it, tracking the words as he goes. It's OK if he doesn't know some of the words. You can assist with this. Get him to read the same nursery rhyme for a week. He should know it completely. You may be tired of hearing the same words over and over, but the rewards are worth it. The goal of this activity is not recitation, but improving reading ability, word recognition and speed.
  4. 4
    Model fluent reading for your child. This is one of the most effective ways to demonstrate good reading. Hopefully, your child will copy your expression and intonation when reading by herself. Most kids like to mock adults, so this should be easy for your child. Read any story, preferably one already familiar to your child. Read with expression in your voice, not too fast but at a rate that aids your child's comprehension.

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Categories: Education and Communications

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